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This section provides information on the following procedures which are undertaken to treat the most common conditions of the hip:

  • Hip Arthroscopy
  • Hip Re-Sculpting
  • Hip Replacement
  • Revision Hip Replacement

Details of these operations can be obtained by clicking on the appropriate tab at the top of this page. The basic hip anatomy described below provides a helpful reference for these procedure pages.

Basic Hip Anatomy

Hip Anatomy (Click to Enlarge)

Hip Anatomy (Click to Enlarge)

1. Pelvis
2. Acetabulum
3. Femoral head
4. Femoral neck
5. Femur

The hip is a ball and socket joint. The femoral head (ball) is at the top of the femur (thighbone) and the acetabulum (socket) is part of the pelvis.

The surfaces of the femoral head and acetabulum are coated with articular cartilage, which is very smooth. The hip joint is lined by synovium, which produces a lubricating fluid.

Around the rim of the acetabulum is a lip made of a mixture of fibrous tissue and cartilage (fibrocartilage) that is triangular in cross-section; this is called the labrum.

The labrum serves to deepen the socket, improve the stability and seal the synovial fluid within the hip joint. The capsule of the hip joint joins the outer edge of the acetabulum with the femur and completes this seal.

Damaged Hip Anatomy (Click to Enlarge)

Damaged Hip Anatomy (Click to Enlarge)

The hip is a very stable joint that allows a great range of movement. Strong ligaments further stabilise the hip joint and more than twenty muscles around the hip provide movement.

All of these factors provide smooth, pain free movement of the hip joint.

1. Capsule
2. Labrum
3. Bone of floor of Acetabulum
4. Inflamed synovium
5. Eroded cartilage on femoral head
6. Femoral neck